Copyright Policy

© Copyright 2003 onwards. All material on this site is covered by copyright and all rights are reserved.

No part of this site may be reproduced without written permission of the author.

If you are filling your web-pages with copy 'scraped' from others sites, be aware that the search engines know exactly where the content was first published and heavily penalize sites which use 'scraped' copy. If you are copying or adapting material from web sites, you are violating copyright law, and it is only a matter of time before you get sued.

Here is a summary of the Act which covers the current copyright law as applicable to website copy.

The law states that an individual's work is placed under copyright law as soon as it leaves that person's mind and is placed in some physical form as an original. This includes publishing material on a web page.

The copyright act distinctively emphasizes the labor and skill that has gone into the work. Copyright in that work is automatically owned by the person who put the concept into material form.

No further actions are required to ensure the material is then fully subject to copyright law. The author does not have to do anything in order to 'apply for' or 'register' a copyright.

Even if you can't find a © Copyright symbol, or statement, anywhere near the material, it is still subject to full copyright law.

Immediately an original page is published on the web, the author of that work gains full copyright in that work automatically. No further action is needed to be taken by the author.

The author of original material automatically owns the right to that material in exactly the same way as they own all their other property. If you use their material in any way, the law assumes you to have stolen that material exactly as if you had stolen their wallet or car!

Normal copyright works qualify for protection in two ways, the author of the work, and the country of first publication. For typographical arrangements (web pages) it subsists for 25 years from publication.

Copyright Act Summary

When an author (or web designer) designs a web page, that person owns the copyright.

If a work is first published in only one place, which is also a party to the Berne Convention, then that place is automatically the country of origin for copyright purposes.

Copyright starts as soon as the material is recorded, in writing or in any other form.

Copyright is automatically implied, there is no official registration system.

The rights cover copying, adapting, distributing, communicating to the public by electronic transmission, lending or renting copies to the public and performing in public.

In many cases, the author will also have the right to be identified on their work, and to object if their work is altered, distorted or mutilated.

By law copyright material sent over the internet or stored on web servers will usually be protected in the same way as material recorded on other media. So if you want to put copyright material on the internet or distribute or download copyright material that others have put on the internet, you will need to make sure that you have permission from the people who own the rights in the material.

Copyright Resources

Check if content is unique and original. Monitor the web regularly for plagiarism and theft of your web copy. Search engines do. I do.

Intellectual Property Office
The Intellectual Property Office (Previously called the Patent Office). They can help you get the right type of protection for your creation or invention. Organizations representing copyright owners can be found here. Contact them on-(UK) 01633 814000

Many '4-Small-Businesses.com' pages have been adapted from S. Goldsmith's course-work with full permissions granted (and paid for!) All of these pages are subject to strict copyright rules.

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